During the Winter you may hear or see a group of geese flying above you and wonder where they could be going. The geese are actually smarter than you might think and are able to fly to a specific location hundreds of miles away. Geese have many reasons as to why they migrate to the south during the winter. They fly south to either find food, a nesting area to lay their eggs, or, most importantly, to find a warmer climate to stay for the winter.
When people usually see geese flying they see them in a “V” formation. There is actually a few reasons why they fly in a “V”. ” I don’t really know why the geese fly in a V formation.” said Senior Jeff Baker
According to the Library of Congress web page Everyday Mysteries, scientists have come up with two main reasons as to why geese fly in a “V” formation. The first reason is that the “V” formation conserves the energy of all the birds. When a bird gets tired leading the “V” it falls to the back while another goose takes the lead. Traveling in a V also makes it easier to keep track of every bird in the group.
To find where to fly to, the geese have to rely on a combination of scientific factors to help them know where to travel.”I’ve always wondered how the geese know where south is.” said senior Brett Labonte.
Experts believe that geese rely on the sun as a guide. With the sun rising in the east and setting in the west, the birds keep track and find their way south. Another reason why is that the geese use the earth’s magnetic field and track where south is using their brains
Geese are very common all around the United States and always make a yearly migration to the south for the winter then come up to the north during the summer.